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Addressing Prenatal and Postpartum Coverage Gaps in Medicaid

November 2022
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Data from Elevance Health’s affiliated Medicaid plans in 16 states show that there are gaps in coverage for prenatal and postpartum care, due to delays in when pregnant women access Medicaid managed care benefits and how long after delivery they retain coverage. These gaps may impact their access to recommended prenatal and postpartum care.  

Prompt enrollment of eligible pregnant women in a Medicaid plan facilitates early access to prenatal care, allowing for timely risk assessment, patient education, and care coordination. After birth, continued coverage allows for comprehensive and ongoing postpartum care, including screening for physical and behavioral health conditions for which they are at risk.

This study found that just under two-thirds of eligible pregnant women are enrolled in a Medicaid plan six months prior to giving birth and around one third lose their coverage by four months after delivery. States may consider options to modify eligibility and enrollment policies to promote a healthy birth and postpartum period for moms and babies.


  • Medicaid Coverage for Pregnant Women
  • Role of Prenatal and Postpartum Care
  • Analysis and Findings
  • Discussion and Policy Options

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